Singer Monica is on the road to recovery after undergoing surgery for endometriosis–a disease she didn’t know she had until two weeks before the surgery. During surgery, doctors had to remove two cysts, fibroids and a hernia.
Endometriosis is the abnormal growth of cells (endometrial cells) similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the uterus. Endometriosis is most commonly found on other organs of the pelvis.
Endometriosis is more common in women who are experiencing infertility than in fertile women, but the condition does not necessarily cause infertility.
Most women with endometriosis have no symptoms. However, when women do experience signs and symptoms of endometriosis they may include:
– Pelvic pain that may worsen during menstruation
– Painful intercourse
– Painful bowel movements or urination
Pelvic pain during menstruation or ovulation can also be a symptom of endometriosis, but may also occur in normal women.
Although, the exact cause of endometriosis has not been identified, most scientists agree that endometriosis is exacerbated by oestrogen; a hormone involved in the thickening of the endometrium and appears to promote the growth of disease implants. Studies show that the risk of endometriosis is seven times greater if the disease has affected a first-degree relative.