Cysts occur commonly in numerous tissues and organs and are often named according to their particular anatomic location (for example ovarian cysts, bladder cysts, breast cysts, liver cysts, kidney cysts, pancreatic cysts, vaginal cysts, skin cysts, thyroid cysts).
Specifically, ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries — each about the size and shape of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years.
Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months.
However, some ovarian cysts, especially those that have ruptured, can cause excruciating pain and serious symptoms.
What Causes Ovarian Cysts?
– Irregular menstrual cycles
– Hormonal imbalance
– Cigarette smoking
– Early menstruation (11 years or younger)
– BMI above 30
– Infertility treatment with gonadotropins has been found to cause multiple large ovarian cysts in some women
– Use of Clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene) has been shown to increase the risk for development of Corpus Luteum cysts
– Use of Tamoxifen for breast cancer