Cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance that can be found in all parts of your body. It helps your body make cell membranes,many hormones, and vitamin D. The cholesterol in your blood comes from two sources: the foods you eat and your liver. Your liver makes allthe cholesterol your body needs.
Cholesterol and other fats are carried in your bloodstream as spherical particles called lipoproteins. The two most commonly known lipoproteins are low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL).
What is LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) Cholesterol?
LDL (‘bad”) cholesterolis a type of fat in the blood that contains the most cholesterol. It can contribute to the formation of plaque buildup in the arteries (atherosclerosis). This is linked to higher risk for heart attack and stroke.
You want your LDL to be low. To help lower it:
Avoid foods high in saturated fat, dietary cholesterol, and extra calories
Maintain a healthy weight
What is HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) Cholesterol?
HDL (“good”) cholesterol,helps to remove cholesterol from the blood. This keeps plaque from building up in your arteries.
You want your HDL to be as high as possible. Some people can raise HDL by:
Exercising for at least 30 minutes 5 times a week